A gamer's favourite snack.
Takes in sound and converts it into an electrical signal.
Patterns of Input
The following are four common patterns from where a microphone can pick up audio input.
Takes in input from a wide conical pattern in from of the microphone.
Takes in input from a narrow conical pattern in front of the microphone.
Takes in input from a circular pattern around the microphone.
With the microphone at the centre of a figure eight, it picks up audio from the front and back while rejecting sound from the sides.
Categories of Microphones
What Should I Choose?
It depends on your room/setup and what you intend to use your microphone for. Dynamic mics are excellent when you have a lot of background noise/a noisy mechanical keyboard that you'd rather your mic didn't pick up too much of and are ideal as gaming/streaming mics and loud vocals (hint hint). If you have a soundproof room or wish to record music though, condenser mics are ideal. Large diaphragm condensers are best for vocals while small diaphragm condensers are great for instruments.